Logo UNESCO-Welterbe / Montanregion Erzgebirge/Krušnohoří
Photo: Welterbe Montanregion Erzgebirge e. V., CC BY-ND
Since the beginning of July 2019, the Ore Mountains / Krušnohoří mining region has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The site represents mining-related settlement structures, technologies and forms of organization that have shaped the world. From the 12th century on, a cross-border montane cultural landscape has been developed on the basis of raw material deposits, which has been preserved in an authentic way to this day. In the Eastern Ore Mountains, the Altenberg-Zinnwald mining landscape
and the former administrative headquarters of Lauenstein
are prominent examples of tin mining in the Saxon-Bohemian Ore Mountains. After silver, tin was the second most important metal that was mined and processed in the Ore Mountains. The heyday of tin mining in the Ore Mountains stretched from the 14th to the 16th century, when the Saxon-Bohemian tin production replaced England as the world's largest tin producer. The historical ore washer IV. along with Altenberger Pinge ( Sink-hole) and impressive underground pit cavities provide insights into the mining and processing technologies. Pioneering developments in the field of water retention systems and ore processing are associated with tin ore mining in the Altenberg-Zinnwald mining landscape.